Dari padang gurun hingga ke belantara posmodernisme: Refleksi perjalanan spiritualitas gereja

Fredy Simanjuntak, Linus Baito, Welko Henro Marpaung

Abstract


In the Old Testament, the metaphor of the "desert" is quite central in the spiritual image of God's people. In the ancient world, the reality of the wilderness was a pivotal point in Israel's encounter with God. Associated with the life of the church today, the reality of postmodernism becomes a new challenge that causes distortion and fragmentation between orthodoxy, orthopathy, and orthopraxy in church life. This essay aims to examine how desert spirituality can be integrated into the contemporary Christian life. This study uses a qualitative approach with socio-theological analysis. The results of this study are expected to develop a critical awareness of the church about the complex social meaning of desert spirituality practices that can be integrated into postmodern social reality as a transformational practice of personal life, service, and society.

 

Abstrak

Dalam Perjanjian Lama metafora “padang Gurun” cukup sentral dalam imajinasi spiritualitas umat Allah. Di dunia kuno realitas padang gurun merupakan titik penting perjumpaan Israel dengan Allah. Dikaitkan dengan kehidupan gereja di masa kini, realitas postmodernisme menjadi tantangan baru yang menimbulkan distorsi dan fragmentasi antara ortodoksi, ortopati dan ortopraksis dalam kehidupan menggereja. Esai ini bertujuan mengkaji bagaimana spiritualitas padang gurun dapat diintegrasikan ke dalam kehidupan kekristenan kontemporer. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan analisis sosio-teologis. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat mengembangkan kesadaran kritis gereja tentang makna sosial yang kompleks dari praktik spiritualitas padang gurun yang dapat diintegrasikan dalam realitas sosial postmodern sebagai praktik transformasional kehidupan pribadi, pelayanan dan masyarakat.


Keywords


Desert Spirituality, postmodern, church, constructive theology

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adiprasetya, Joas. Labirin Kehidupan: Spiritualitas Sehari-Hari Bagi Peziarah. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2016.

Ashbrook, R. Thomas. Mansions of the Heart: Exploring the Seven Stages of Spiritual Growth. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2009.

Bellour, Leila. “The Religious Crisis and the Spiritual Journey in T.S. Eliot’s The Waste Land.” Arab World English Journal 7, no. 4 (December 15, 2016): 422–438. https://awej.org/the-religious-crisis-and-the-spiritual-journey-in-t-s-eliots-the-waste-land/.

Burton-Christie, Douglas. The Word in the Desert: Scripture and the Quest for Holiness in Early Christian Monasticism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Cambah, Tahan Mentria. “Membangun Spiritualitas Pemimpin Gereja Lewat Liturgi.” Pambelum: Jurnal Teologi 4, no. 2 (2014).

Croner, Helga. Stepping Stones to Further Jewish-Christian Relations. London: Stimulus Books, 1977.

Eliot, T.S. In The Waste Land and Other Poems. London: Faber and Faber, 1968.

Flannery, Austin P., ed. Documents of Vatican II. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1975.

Gaurifa, Suardin. “Jurnal Ilmiah Untuk Karya Tulis Teologi.” In Strategi Menulis Jurnal Untuk Ilmu Teologi. Semarang: Golden Gate Publishing, 2020.

Hart, David Bentley. Atheist Delusions: The Christian Revolution and Its Fashionable Enemies. United States: Yale University Press, 2009.

Heriyanto, Ariel. “Postmodernisme Yang Mana? Tentang Kritik Dan Kebingungan Dalam Debat Postmodernisme Di Indonesia.” Kalam 1 (1994).

Hidayat, Medhy Aginta. “Menimbang Teori-Teori Sosial Postmodern: Sejarah, Pemikiran, Kritik Dan Masa Depan Postmodernisme.” Journal of Urban Sociology 2, no. 1 (May 28, 2019): 42–64. https://journal.uwks.ac.id/index.php/sosiologi/article/view/610.

Hill, Nicole. “Wilderness Therapy as a Treatment Modality for At-Risk Youth: A Primer for Mental Health Counselors.” Journal of Mental Health Counseling 29, no. 4 (October 1, 2007): 338–349. https://meridian.allenpress.com/jmhc/article/29/4/338/83355/Wilderness-Therapy-as-a-Treatment-Modality-for.

Hodge, David R., and David S. Derezotes. “Postmodernism And Spirituality: Some Pedagogical Implications For Teachingcontent On Spirituality.” Journal of Social Work Education 1, no. 2008 (44AD): 103–123.

Innes, D. Keith. The Old Testament Wilderness in Ecological Perspective A Christian Investigation. United States: Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A, 2008.

Kristiyanto, A Eddy. Spiritualitas Sosial: Suatu Kajian Kontekstual. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2010.

Leal, Robert Barry. Wilderness in the Bible: Toward a Theology of Wilderness. New York: Peter Lang, 2004.

McGrath, Alister E. Christian Spirituality: An Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell Publisher, 1999.

McKenna, Thomas F. “A Voice in the Postmodern Wilderness: Merton on Monastic Renewal.” International Thomas Merton Society 8 (1995): 122–137.

Perrin, David B. Studying Christian Spirituality. New York: Taylor & Francis, 2007.

Pretorius, S.P. “Understanding Spiritual Experience in Christian Spirituality.” Acta Theologica 28, no. 11 (2008): 147–165.

Schaufele, John D. “Spiritual Formation in Desert Terrain: Insights into Holy Spirit Patterns Of Wilderness Training.” Acadia Divinity College, 2017.

Simanjuntak, Fredy, Candra Gunawan Marisi, Ardianto Lahagu, Benteng M. M. Purba, and Agustinus Sihombing. “Membangun Spiritualitas Kristen Warga Binaan Di Lapas Umum Kelas II A Tanjungpinang.” REALCOSTER:Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat 1, no. 1 (2018): 6–10.

Simanjuntak, Fredy, Irfan Feriando Simanjuntak, Fransiskus Irwan Widjaja, Yudhy Sanjaya, and Johannes Tarigan. “Dari Spiritualitas Kepada Moralitas: Pelajaran Kepemimpinan Dari Kehidupan Yusuf.” EDULEAD: Journal of Christian Education and Leadership 2, no. 2 (2021): 251–275.

Thomas, M. Catherine. The Provocation in the Wilderness and the Rejection of Grace,” in Thy People Shall Be My People, and Thy God My God. Edited by Paul Y. Hoskisson. United States: Deseret Book, 1994.

Vos, Nienke. “The Spirituality of the Desert.” Religion & Theology 24, no. 1–2 (2017): 156–179. https://brill.com/view/journals/rt/24/1-2/article-p156_6.xml.

Widjaja, Fransiskus I., Rubin A. Abraham, Fredy Simanjuntak, Noh I. Boiliu, and Otieli Harefa. “Fruit in the Unfruitful Season: A Case Study of the Indonesian Bethel Church’s Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic.” Verbum et Ecclesia 42, no. 1 (August 10, 2021). https://verbumetecclesia.org.za/index.php/ve/article/view/2247.

William, Rowan. Silence and Honey Cakes: The Wisdom of the Desert. Oxford: Lion, 2003.

XVI, Pope Benedict. “Homily for the Solemn Inauguration of the Petrine Ministry,” 2005. https://www.vatican.va/content/benedict-xvi/en/homilies/2005/documents/hf_ben-xvi_hom_20050424_inizio-pontificato.html.

Zain, Muhammad. “Menggagas Agama Baru Di Era Postmodernisme.” Ulumuna 9, no. 2 (November 4, 2017): 385–396. http://ulumuna.or.id/index.php/ujis/article/view/88.

Zaluchu, Julianus. “Gereja Menghadapi Arus Postmodern Dalam Konteks Indonesia Masa Kini.” Geneva: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi 1, no. 1 (2019): 26–41.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30995/kur.v8i1.481

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 445 times
PDF - 420 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Author

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Lisensi Creative Commons
KURIOS (Jurnal Teologi dan Pendidikan Agama Kristen) oleh KURIOS disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.
Berdasarkan ciptaan pada https://sttpb.ac.id/e-journal/index.php/kurios.

KURIOS diindeks oleh:

View KURIOS Stats

Online ISSN : 2541-3945

Printed ISSN : 2541-3937

Copyright © KURIOS, 2018-2021. All Rights Reserved.