Partikularitas pendidikan agama Kristen menjawab tantangan Posmodernisme Lyotard

Valentino Wariki

Abstract


Lyotard is a figure who is straightforward in criticizing modernism; for him, the era of modernism has ended, so values such as metanarratives must be abandoned because of their negative impact on civilization. Postmodernism offers a spirit of aufklarung that modernists have abandoned. This article aims to show how Christian education should respond to the era of postmodernism in Lyotard's concept. The method used is philosophical hermeneutics. The theory is built from literary sources that discuss the issue of postmodernism, which is linked to Christian education discourse utilizing interpretation, description, and comparison. The results show that postmodernism is an ideology that seeks to revive Aufklarung's ideals to achieve equality in various aspects of human life. Postmodernism seeks to dismantle the concepts and ideas of modernism through a creative, humanist, and critical approach to metanarratives, thereby providing opportunities for the potential for Christian education to flourish.


Abstrak

Lyotard merupakan sosok yang lugas dalam mengkritik paham modernisme; baginya, era modernisme sudah berakhir, sehingga nilai-nilai seperti metanarasi harus ditinggalkan karena dampak buruknya terhadap peradaban. Posmodernisme menawarkan semangat Aufklarung yang oleh para modernis sudah ditinggalkan. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menunjukkan bagaimana seharusnya pendidikan kristiani merespons posmodernisme dalam konsep Lyotard tersebut. Metode yang digunakan adalah studi hermeneutika filosofis. Teori dibangun dari sumber-sumber kepustakaan yang membahas tentang isu posmodernisme yang dikaitkan dengan diskursus pendidikan kristiani dengan cara interpretasi, deskripsi, dan komparasi. Hasil yang ditunjukkan bahwa posmodernisme merupakan sebuah paham yang berupaya menghidupkan kembali cita-cita Aufklarung agar tercapai pemerataan dalam berbagai aspek kehidupan manusia. Posmodernisme berupaya membongkar konsep dan gagasan modernisme melalui pendekatan yang kreatif, humanis, dan kritis terhadap metanarasi, sehingga memberi peluang untuk potensi pendidikan kristiani semakin berkembang.


Keywords


aufklarung; Lyotard; Lyotard postmodernism; particularity of Christian education ; partikularitas pendidikan kristiani; posmodernisme Lyotard

Full Text:

PDF

References


Berman, Marshall. All That Ls Solid: The Experience of Modernity. New York: Penguin Books, 1988.

Blondel, Maurice. Action : Essay on a Critique of Life and a Science of Practice. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1984.

Briton, Derek. The Modern Practice of Adult Education : A Postmodern Critique. (SUNY Series, Teacher Empowerment and School Reform). Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996.

Burke, Kevin J., and Avner Segall. “Christianity and Its Legacy in Education.” Journal of Curriculum Studies 43, no. 5 (2011): 631–58. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220272.2011.590232.

Butler, Christopher. Postmodernism : A Very Short Introduction. Great Clarendon Street, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Caputo, John D. “The Good News About Alterity: Derrida and Theology.” Faith and Philosophy 10, no. 4 (1993): 453–70. https://doi.org/10.5840/faithphil199310440.

Dale, Roger, and Susan Robertson. “Capitalism, Modernity and the Future of Education in the New Social Contract.” Teachers College Record 111, no. 14 (2009): 111–29. https://doi.org/10.1177/016146810911101407.

Fokkema, Douwe. “Postmodernism and Postmodernity: What Do These Terms Mean and Why Are They Successful?” European Review 6, no. 1 (1998): 25–33. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1062798700002970.

Gerth, Hans H., and Wright Mills. From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1946.

Habermas, Jurgen. The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity: Twelve Lectures. History and Theory. Vol. 28. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1989.

Harvey, David. The Condition of Postmodernity. An Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change. Ekonomicheskaya Sotsiologiya. Vol. 21. Cambridge: Blackwell, 1989.

Horell, Harold D. “Fostering Hope: Christian Religious Education in a Postmodern Age.” Religious Education 99, no. 1 (2004): 5–22. https://doi.org/10.1080/00344080490269362.

Kaak, Paul. “A Review of ‘The Idea of a Christian College: A Reexamination for Today’s University.’” Christian Higher Education 13, no. 4 (2014): 297–300. https://doi.org/10.1080/15363759.2014.925360.

Levinas, Emmanuel. Alterity and Transcendence. London: The Athlone Press, 1999. https://doi.org/10.5840/intstudphil200537423.

Lyotard, Jean-Francois. The Postmodern Explained : Correspondence 1982-1965. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.

Lyotard, Jean-François. The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge, Translation from the French by Geoff Bennington and Brian Massumi Foreword by Fredric Jameson. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984.

Nixon, Mark G. “Proclaiming and Performing the Gospel: Language, Truth and Action in Postmodern Christian Faith.” Heythrop Journal - Quarterly Review of Philosophy and Theology 50, no. 3 (2009): 380–91. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2265.2008.00464.x.

Oliver, Anita. “Postmodern Thought and Christian Education.” Journal of Research on Christian Education 10, no. 1 (2001): 5–22. https://doi.org/10.1080/10656210109484914.

Pazmiño, Robert W. “Christian Education Is More than Formation.” Christian Education Journal: Research on Educational Ministry 7, no. 2 (2010): 356–65. https://doi.org/10.1177/073989131000700208.

Peters, Michael. “Education and the Postmodern Condition: Revisiting Jean‐François Lyotard.” Journal of Philosophy of Education 29, no. 3 (1995): 387–400. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9752.1995.tb00367.x.

Peters, Michael A. “Lyotard, Nihilism and Education.” Studies in Philosophy and Education 25, no. 4 (2006): 303–14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11217-006-9004-4.

Popkewitz, Thomas S. “Culture, Pedagogy, and Power: Issues in the Production of Values and Colonialization.” Journal of Education 170, no. 2 (1988): 77–90. https://doi.org/10.1177/002205748817000204.

Roy, Don C. “What Makes Education ‘Christian’?” Revealing Jesus in the Learning Environment: Making a World of Difference., 2020, 17–40.

Sirait, Jannes Eduard. “Spiritualitas Inkarnatif Sebagai Fondasi Pendidikan Kristiani Yang Inklusif.” Kurios 9, no. 1 (2023): 331–41. https://doi.org/10.30995/kur.v9i1.145.

Sugiono, Sadrakh, Valentino Wariki, and Frans Pantan. “Implementasi Perspektif Postmodernisme Terhadap Pendidikan Agama Kristen.” Jurnal Teologi Gracia Deo 3, no. 2 (2021): 141–51. https://doi.org/10.46929/graciadeo.v3i2.127.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30995/kur.v9i3.862

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.